Bone Grafting

What is bone grafting?

Bone grafting is the process of building up the bone in areas where resorption has occurred. During this routine procedure, we implant donor bone (or a synthetic material) into the jaw, encouraging the body to grow new bone in its place. Bone grafting is often required to support a dental implant or other structural need.

Jawbone Resorption

Our teeth play a very important role in the health of our jawbone. Regular chewing and biting provide the stimulation that is needed by the jawbone in order to maintain its health. Without that stimulation, the body reallocates minerals elsewhere in the body and the jawbone breaks down. When a permanent tooth is lost, jawbone resorption begins almost immediately and causes many problems, including:

  • A sunken, sullen facial profile
  • Wrinkling of the skin
  • Damage to remaining teeth
  • TMJ pain and headaches
  • Nutritional deficiencies
  • Speech problems

Minor Bone Grafting

The majority of bone grafting procedures falls under the “minor” category. Minor bone grafting is typically done in preparation for a dental implant in a missing tooth site.

Major Bone Grafting

Occasionally, extensive bone loss occurs due to trauma, cysts, tumors or birth defects. In this case, major bone grafting with additional materials and advanced technology is required. Our oral and maxillofacial surgeons at the Center for Oral and Facial Surgery are experts in complicated bone grafting cases and will help you achieve a favorable outcome.

Bone Grafting Materials

Many patients want to know where the donated bone will come from. This depends largely on the details of each case, but in general, bone graft materials come from the patient’s own bone (chin, hip, leg or skull), bovine (cow) sources, or human cadavers.

Bone Graft Healing

The bone grafting procedure is quite comfortable, and typically takes no more than an hour. After that, the surgical site is left alone to heal for several months while the bone rebuilds. Some patients experience mild soreness lasting for a few days following the procedure, but are typically able to minimize the discomfort using over-the-counter pain medications.

For bone grafts of all types, from the simplest to the most complex, call the experts at the Center for Oral Facial & Implant Surgery today. Chattanooga Office Phone Number (423) 893-3333